The History of Art in Indonesia and Development

The History of Art in Indonesia and Development

The development of modern art in Indonesia started when the Japanese army was still occupying Indonesia, in 1942.

After independence, the development of the arts in Indonesia has developed very well.
An organization that calls Seniman Indonesia Muda (SIM) has founded in 1946 on the initiative of Sudjojono, Trisno Sumardjo, Sunindyo, and Suradji, Then, in 1947, other painters such as Affandi and Hendra, in Yogyakarta, formed the People’s Painters Association as part of the SIM.

In addition, the growth of the arts of dance and music is also not lagging behind. In the history of art in Indonesia, the art of dance has undergone several changes, especially in presentation techniques.
As for the art of music, many songs of struggle creates after independence. Then the rhythm and rhythm of the music have also begun to change.

Art painting

The development of the history of art painting in Indonesia has emerged since the Japanese army occupied Indonesia, in 1942.
an organization of painters named the Young Artists of Indonesia (SIM) has founded in 1946. The organization has founded by S Sudjono, Trisno Sumarjo, Sunindo, and Suradjo. In 1947, other painters such as Affandi and Hendra formed an association called Pelukis Rakyat. This People’s Painter experienced the most development, assisted by government figures.
In addition to the People’s Painter, in 1952, the Young Indonesian Painter (PIM) was also established, chaired by Hidayat. Apart from painting and sculpting, the painters are also active in other movements, such as making posters and drawing book covers.


The growth of dance in Indonesia from 1942 to 1955 has limited. The new developments are limited to presentation techniques, namely by shortening time, shortening stories, and simplifying movements in general.

Music Art

Meanwhile, for the development of post-independence music, there have been many songs that lift the spirit of struggle. Between 1945 and 1949, the rhythm and rhythm of the new song changed. In addition, composers of songs during the Indonesian Revolution included not only Indonesian music writers but also kroncong songwriters. One of the two figures who helped develop the art of music in Indonesia is Sjaiful Bahri and Iskandar from Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI) in Jakarta. They wrote arrangements for the Djakarta Studio Orchestra (OSD). In producing Indonesian struggle songs, Bahri and Iskandar, Cornel Simanjuntak participated. Some of the struggle songs that Cornel wrote were Maju Tak Ditto (1942), Indonesia Still Independent, and many others. The function of the struggle song itself at that time was as an effort to raise the spirit of unity to fight against the invaders.