Paintings can be naturalistic and representational , photographic, abstract, narrative, symbolistic , emotive , or political in nature . Drawing is a means of making an image, using any of a wide variety of tools and techniques. It generally involves making marks on a surface by applying pressure from a tool, or moving a tool across a surface. Common tools are graphite pencils, pen and ink, inked brushes, wax colour pencils, crayons, charcoals, pastels, and markers. Digital tools which can simulate the effects of these are also used.
- From famous kings and longest rivers, to unusual facts and famous people, these Great British quiz questions will test your knowledge of British geography, history, cities, landmarks, literature and more.
- In traditional art, there is rigidity in form, which is not visible in contemporary art.
- This user gallery has been created by an independent third party and may not represent the views of the institutions whose collections include the featured works or of Google Arts & Culture.
- Around the 4th millennium BC, the complexity of trade and administration in Mesopotamia outgrew human memory, and writing became a more dependable method of recording and presenting transactions in a permanent form.
Although the books are fictions, they are able to emphasize the culture and traditions of the English during the Victorian era. However, if we take another fiction from Africa, the cultural flavor of the book is completely different. Hence, literature allows the reader to immerse himself in a particular context and gain an in-depth understanding of it. They allow people to express themselves and to connect to one another. All human cultures produce some form of art; it is a universal human cultural touchstone.
Early printed books, single sheets and images which were created before 1501 in Europe are known as incunables or incunabula. Oratory or the art of public speaking “was for long considered a literary art”. From Ancient Greece to the late 19th century, rhetoric played a central role in Western education in training orators, lawyers, counsellors, historians, statesmen, and poets.
In ancient India, literature originated from stories that were originally orally transmitted. Sanskrit literature begins with the Vedas, dating back to 1500–1000 BC, and continues with the Sanskrit Epics of Iron Age India. The Samhitas date to roughly 1500–1000 BC, and the “circum-Vedic” texts, as well as the redaction of the Samhitas, date to c.
Though in both ancient Egypt and Mesoamerica, writing may have already emerged because of the need to record historical and environmental events. Subsequent innovations included more uniform, predictable, legal systems, sacred texts, and the origins of modern practices of scientific inquiry and knowledge-consolidation, all largely reliant on portable and easily reproducible forms of writing. Literature, as an art form, can also include works in various non-fiction genres, such as biography, diaries, memoir, letters, and the essay. Within its broad definition, literature includes non-fictional books, articles or other printed information on a particular subject.
These recordings reveal collective memory, individual agency, gender, skill, influence and intentionality. Shifting family, work, health and educational trends and debates emerge alongside the impact of changing technologies, belief structures and political contexts. Oral history recordings provide valuable first-hand testimony of the past. The views and opinions expressed in oral history interviews are those of the interviewees, who describe events from their own perspective. The interviews are historical documents and their language, tone and content might in some cases reflect attitudes that could cause offence in today’s society. In the ancient days, art was visible in the form of paintings in caves.